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Harvard Referencing System for assignment

Harvard Referencing System for Assignment: Student wish to Reference 100% free from Plagiarism:

Why do I need to references?

± Reading, Understanding and correcting referencing the work for others in your assignments is important.

± By correct referencing you will:

1. Protect yourself against accusations of plagiarism.

2. Demonstrate that you have read widely.

3. Show your understanding of a topic.

4. Support your arguments which published research.

± If you don’t reference correctly you may commit plagiarism, which is seen as academic misconduct and carriers penalties.


What should I reference?

± Acknowledge the work of others in your assignment gives academic credibility to your work by allowing you to back up your arguments with published material.

± You should reference anything you have taken from another work, whether you are paraphrasing or directly quoting.

± Some things can be taken as common knowledge and do not therefore need to be backed up with a reference.


Taking notes:

Taking clear notes during your reading will make referencing much easier and quicker.

± Make a note of: author/ title/ date/ publisher details and chapter details/ page number if relevant.

± If it is online, note the web address and the date and time you accessed it.

± Make clear distinction between any direct quotes you written down and information written in your own words so you don’t accidentally plagiarise when you come to write your assignment.


[ Citing in your text: ] Harvard Referencing System 

± The first part of a Harvard reference is the in-text citation where you acknowledge the sources you read.

± Use (author, date) and page number if applicable.

± Consider your writing when you use citation. For example,

( Children with developmental coordination disorder often struggle within mainstream education (Andy, 2006, p.25).)


[ Quotations: ] Harvard Referencing System

± use quotation marks ‘t’ and page number(s) to indicate a direct quote.

± short quote s can be included in your own sentence: for example

[[ Continuing professional development allows people to  “build on their knowledge and skills to develop their level of competence” (Alsop, 2000. p.64). ]]

± longer quotes should be indented and in a separate paragraph: for example

[[  Evidence suggests that the popularity for alternative medicine is growing. ” It is estimated that a third of population have tried the remedies of complementary medicine or visited practitioners” (Dimond, 2004, p,378) ]]


[ Paraphrasing: ] Harvard Referencing System

± presenting an idea or argument in your own words.

± ensure it is significantly altered from the original to avoid issues of plagiarism ( just changing a couple of words is not enough)

± paraphrases relate to specific sections of a work, so it is good practice to include the page number as you would do with a direct question. for example,

[[  Effective parenting patients by dealing with questions, setting goals and making the patient feel involved in their care can significantly reduce prospective anxiety and may have a positive impact on their subsequent recovery(Lees, 2910, p.11)  ]]


[ Summarising: ]  Harvard Referencing System

± a brief outline of the main points of a work without going into specific details.

± generally summarises relate to a whole work, or to a large section, so are much less specific than paraphrasing.

± as a summary potentially covers most or all of a work, it does not require page numbers to be given as they are for direct quotations and paraphrasing.  for example,

[[  A recent study by Sampson (2009) demonstrate that moderate alcohol consumption may reduce the risk of dementia in later life.  ]]


[ Secondary References: ] Harvard Referencing System

± Where the passage you are referring to is the authors own reference to another work.

± You are relying on their accurate and unbiased reproduction of that work, so it is much better to locate the source and read and reference it directly in your own work.

± If you can not locate the original, secondary reference it by: for example,

[[   A study concluded that marijuana users ‘less confident’ than cocaine users about being able to stop taking drug. (Budney et al, 1998 cited in Butcher, Mineka & Hooley, 2010, p.412). ]] – In the body of your text cite both works

[[  Butcher,J.N., Mineka, S. & Hooley, J.M. (2010) Abnormal Psychology (14th ed). Boston, Person Education Inc.  ]] – In your end list: Reference the item you have read.


[ The end list: ] Harvard Referencing System 

± At the end of your work include a list of references.

± List in alphabetical order by another, do not separate into different type of work.

± The following sides show to reference correctly.

Bibliographies list and References lists

Bibliography:  –> list all the material you have read, whether cited in your assignment or not  –> Reference list:  –> List only the material you have cited directly in your assignment. –> where both are requested:  –> Reference list gives all items directly cited. Bibliography contains any other reading.

± Always check your programme / module handbook to see which from of end list is required.

Harvard referencing Book:

Harvard Referencing

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Harvard Referencing Journal:

Harvard Referencing

Harvard Referencing e-journal:

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Harvard Referencing Website:

Harvard referencing

See Harvard Referencing youtube video:


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haque 0 Added 4 years ago